The Oil Palm Wastes Becomes Bioenergy
There are six types of oil palm biomass, which can be produced to biomass pellets: oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm trunks (OPT), empty fruit bunches (EFB), palm kernel shells (PKS), mesocarp fibre (MF) and oil palm mill effluent.
When it is to extract one ton palm oil, it has 6 tons of old leaves , 1 ton of trunk, 5 tons of empty fruit bunch , 1 ton of peel fiber, 0.5 tons of palm kernel shell,0.25 tons of pomace and 3 tons of palm oil mill effluent.
Indonesia is the biggest CPO (crud palm oil) producer in the world with an annual production of approximately 22 millions Tonnes, a plantation area of approximately 7 million hectares and more than 400 palm oil mills (POM). An additional 18 million hectares has been identified for palm plantation expansion.
Oil palm is the most important product from Malaysia that has helped to change the scenario of it’s agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm industries include oil palm trunks (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB) and palm pressed fibres (PPF), palm shells and palm oil mill effluent palm (POME). However, the presence of these oil palm wastes has created a major disposal problem. The fundamental principles of waste management are to minimise and recycle the waste, recover the energy and finally dispose the waste. These principals apply to agro-industrial wastes such as palm oil residues as they do to municipal waste. We can simply no longer afford to dispose the residues when there is an economically useful alternative. We must first consider the current uses and disposal of mill residues in order to address the potential for recovery of energy in the palm oil industry. One of the unique aspects of Malaysian renewable energy sources is that the palm oil mill is self-sufficient in energy, using PPF, EFB and shell as fuel to generate steam in waste-fuel boilers for processing, and power-generation with steam turbines.
Indonesia able produces smart biomass from solid waste of palm oil is 36 Millions tonnes per year. It can produce 6,541 MWatt electricity.
Biocatalyst fuel technology able to build 300 Biomass Power plant 7.5MWatt in Indonesia using solid waste of palm oil.USD12.5 Millions each.
Medium density fibre-boards and blackboards can be produced from EFB and palm fibre . Currently, the MDF industry has 14 plants with a total annual installed capacity of 2.9 million. The total export of MDF was RM1.2 billion in 2008. The industry has started utilising acacia mangium and mixed hardwood to produce MDF as alternatives to rubber wood. At present, Malaysia is the world’s third largest exporter of MDF, after Germany and France.
◆CHENZE EFB crusher is majored in crush EFB(Empty Fruit Bundle of oil palm), Palm fiber, Coconut shell and Coconut fiber. These raw material are usually from East-South Asia such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, India and Philippines,etc. Also, this is machine is very effective on crushing Corn straw, Wheat straw, Grass and so on.
◆This machine is assembled with more reasonable force feeder which is very helpful to control the fiber when cutting them. The space and angle between knife and counter is also designed excellently to cut the fiber to as small as possible. The minimum size of the final fiber made by this machine can reach to less than 10mm.Then it will be very easy to be processed much.
Oil palm fibre is non-hazardous biodegradable material extracted from empty fruit bunch that are considered as waste after the extraction oil palm fruits. The fibres are clean, non-carcinogenic, and free from pesticides and soft parenchyma cells. Palm fibres are versatile and stable and can be processed into various dimensional grades to suit specific applications such as erosion control, mattress cushion production, soil stabilization, horticulture and landscaping, ceramic and brick manufacturing, paper production, acoustics control, livestock care, compost, fertilizer and animal feed. Palm fibres can also be used as fillers in thermoplastics and thermoset composites which have wide applications in furniture and automobile components. Production of thermoplastic and thermostat composites has reached commercialization stage when PROTON (Malaysian national car maker) entered into agreement with PORIM (Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia)
CHENZE Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) long fiber product line can process EFB (Empty Fruit Bundle of oil palm) or Coconut shells to long fiber. We keep improving our technology and design of EFB Long Fiber Making Machine to maximize the fiber length and quality.